Ram is resource economist with interests in water scarcity management, biodiversity conservation and climate change mitigation and adaptation responses. A unifying theme for his recent work has been managing risks through mitigation and adaptation measures as well as understanding how changes in natural environments create complex feedbacks in inter-linked human, ecological and economic systems. Some of Ram’s current work has been towards modelling the optimal management of socio-economic and ecological systems exhibiting non-linear dynamics and endogenous risks.
Examples include, understanding how aquatic systems respond to multiple stressors, threats to endangered biodiversity from invasive species and human activities, how farmers adapt to prolonged water scarcity through seeking alternative occupations, determinants of entrepreneurial ventures and success rates, quantifying and modelling resilience of water starved farmers, determinants and success of collective action in groundwater management, impact of climate induced salinity level rise on livelihood choices, REDD and REDD+ programs, and payments for ecosystem services.
Environmental and Resource Economics, Development Economics